Morning Glory Antiques & Jewelry
at the

ANTIQUE CONNECTION MALL
and on the internet since 1996
12815 Central NE, Albuquerque, New Mexico, 87123  USA
~
Jane Haley Clarke, owner
Copyright 1994-2017 All rights Reserv
ed

 


Welcome to the beauty, history and art that is vintage jewelry. We buy and sell vintage rhinestone, costume, designer, bakelite and antique Georgian & Victorian jewelry, purses and accessories.
To be alerted when NEW ITEMS are added to the site, please e-mail jane@morninggloryantiques.com and we will be glad to add you to the contact list.
All jewelry is in excellent vintage condition unless specified otherwise.  All items are subject to prior sale.
We work constantly to offer extensive jewelry research, pictures and information in our reference, " Jewel Chat " and gallery " Morning Glory Collects ". 
We share our reference material free of charge and work hard to make it accurate, but as with any research, mistakes can be made. We are not responsible for the use you make of the information here or the honest mistakes that may occur from time to time.
We do not offer identification, valuation or appraisal services. 

TO PURCHASE: You are on a reference page of Morning Glory Antiques & Jewelry. Most of these items were photographed from private collections, and are for reference only.
Jewelry that is available TO BUY can be accessed by clicking HERE
.

1994-2017 All Rights Reserved

 

 

Morning Glory Collects...
things we love to buy, wear and share

Victorian Jet, Vulcanite, Bog Oak & Pressed Horn
Earrings, Stickpins & Objects
 

 


  During part of the Victorian period from about 1860 to 1890, this jewelry was the height of fashion and black was a stylish color, not just an ornament of mourning. Made of jet, vulcanite, bog oak or pressed horn, each carried special meaning as a memento of a loved one. A brooch in the shape of a hand carrying a bouquet conveyed a message symbolized by the flowers. Photos might be housed inside lockets and watch fobs, and portraits hand painted on pendants and earrings. While some black jewelry was meant to be worn during mourning, black jewelry was fashionable as well, and worn for its beauty and sentiment.

While similar designs can be seen in some of these lovely pieces of jewelry, each was hand-made and the many different styles of jet earrings alone reflect this uniqueness.

 

 

VICTORIAN lady wearing elaborate jet necklace, a chalcedony brooch and a vulcanite head piece.   View

   VICTORIAN lady wearing jet portrait earrings and a black velvet ribbon with a pendant.   View

    VICTORIAN lady wearing elaborate vulcanite drops necklace.   View

 

VICTORIAN Whitby jet earrings with screw and bolt design, circa 1870, 1-3/4" jet length only, original shepherd findings. Very similar jet earrings can be seen on page 102 of "Old Jewelry, 5th Edition" by Jeanenne Bell. These earrings were seen in "Antiques & Collecting Magazine" page 49, October 2008 in an article about Victorian jet jewellery called Black Magic by Anna Marie Roos, Ph. D.    #V33042 VICTORIAN Whitby jet earrings, carved and faceted teardrops, circa 1870, 3/4" jet length.   #V33039   VICTORIAN Whitby jet earrings with circle link chain and ball, circa 1870, 1-3/4" jet length.  #V33040 

 

  VICTORIAN Whitby jet with portrait miniature on porcelain pierced earrings, circa 1870, 2". See Bell's "Collecting Victorian Jewelry" page 192.  View   View   View   #V27912 VICTORIAN carved jet with hand painted porcelain green Tyrolean boy tie pin, 7/8" by 5/8" by 2-1/3".   View   View   #V29920    VICTORIAN Whitby jet earrings with banded agate centers, 1-3/4".   View    View  #V29292

 

VICTORIAN jet carved earrings in reverse teardrop shape, for pierced ears, 1-7/8".   View   #V31331

VICTORIAN lady wearing a pair of jet earrings and a fern brooch. R. Riter & Co. Photographers, Bombay & Poona, India.  View   View   View

   VICTORIAN jet earrings carved in infinity knot with etched design, 1-1/2" jet portion only, for pierced ears .   View   View   View   #V31332

 

VICTORIAN Whitby jet earrings, hand carved pierced ovals, jet portion 1-1/4" total length 1-5/8.   #V33914 

VICTORIAN Whitby jet earrings, hand carved teardrops suspended in larger scalloped open teardrops, jet portion 1-1/2" and total length 2".   #V33915 

   VICTORIAN Whitby jet earrings, hand carved faceted tops and body with two drops on each earrings, jet portion 2" total length 2-1/3". There are three flea bite chips on one earrings and two on the other, visible only under magnification, so priced accordingly.    #V33916

 

VICTORIAN Whitby jet earrings, hand carved faceted pointed drops and faceted round beads, nice long dangles with the jet portion 2-1/4" total length 2-5/8". The bottom two portions of each earrings have old stable-looking surface cracks, so priced as is.    #V33917

VICTORIAN Whitby jet earrings, hand carved grapes and grape leaves design, a rare and lovely motif, jet portion 1-7/8" and total length 2-1/4".    #V33918

   VICTORIAN Whitby jet earrings, beautifully hand carved with circles and dental edges like a cog wheel design, jet portion 1-1/8" and total length 1-1/2".   #V33919

 

VICTORIAN Whitby jet earrings, hand carved drops with faceted applied ovals and detailed edges, jet portion 1-1/3" and total length 1-3/4".     #V33920

VICTORIAN Whitby jet earrings, cross motifs with applied faceted balls, jet portion 1-1/3" total length 1-3/4".    #V33921

   VICTORIAN Whitby jet earrings, hand carved faceted teardrops suspended in larger open faceted open teardrops, jet portion 1-1/3" total length 1-3/4". There is one tiny flea bite chip at the very top of one earrings, not visible except under magnification.   #V33922

 

VICTORIAN Whitby jet earrings, hand carved teardrop shapes with applied stars and detailed edges, jet portion 1-1/4" and total length 1-1/2".    #V33923

VICTORIAN Whitby jet earrings, hand carved diamonds suspended from circles with applied balls and carved edges, total length 2", jet portion 1-5/8".     #V33924 

   VICTORIAN Whitby jet earrings, hand carved drops with a nut and bolt design, carved on the sides and edges and the top loop, amazing detail, jet portion 2".   #V33925

 

VICTORIAN Whitby jet earrings, teardrops with faceted fronts, carved edges, jet portion 3-3/4" and total length 4-1/3".    #V33926 

VICTORIAN Whitby jet earrings, hand carved teardrops with faceted ovals, carved florets, jet portion 1-1/3" and total length 1-3/4".    #V33927 

   VICTORIAN Whitby jet earrings, hand carved and pierced with applied faceted balls on one side and florets on the other, total length 1-1/2" jet length 1-1/8". These are smaller and more delicate than most jet earrings.   #V33928 

 

VICTORIAN Whitby jet earrings, hand carved balls within circles, total length 1-7/8", length of jet portion 1-1/3".    #V33929 

VICTORIAN Whitby jet earrings, hand carved teardrops suspended in larger faceted open teardrops, catches the light beautifully, jet length 1-1/3" and total length 1-3/4".     #V33930 

   VICTORIAN Whitby jet earrings, hand carved drops with applied faceted fronts, saw tooth edges, a nice long size with jet portion 2" and total length 2-1/2". There is a tiny flea bite chip at the top circle of one earring.   #V33931

 

VICTORIAN Whitby jet earrings entirely hand made circa 1880. Interlocking ovals and repeating balls comprise this unusual design, jet portion 1-1/4" and total length 1-1/4".        #V33932 

VICTORIAN Whitby jet earrings, hand carved balls suspended in open drops with decorated edges, a nice large size at 2" jet portion 2-1/3" total length. One earrings has an old and very stable crack above the dangling ball.    #V33933 

   VICTORIAN Whitby jet earrings, hand carved circles with faceted centers, dental edges, one minute chip n the back of one earrings, invisible from the front, jet portion 1-1/3" and total length 1-5/8".     #V33934 

 

VICTORIAN Whitby jet earrings, hand carved decorated open double drops with triangular tops, each with a carved design, jet portion 1-1/4" and total length 1-3/4".       #V33935

VICTORIAN Whitby jet earrings, hand carved drops with applied balls, carved edges, jet portion 1-3/4" total length 1-7/8".    #V33936 

   VICTORIAN Whitby jet earrings, hand carved 3-pieces with a very unusual design, jet portion 1-1/2" and total length 1-7/8".    #V33937 

 

VICTORIAN Whitby jet long dotted earrings with faceted centers, these three part earrings move beautifully when worn and come with all original fittings, 2-1/8" jet portion only, 2-1/3" total length. This is how genuine Victorian jet earrings should look.

This very special piece is from the personal jet collection of Katy and Helen
Muller, authors of the books on jet jewellery. I am so very privileged to
have it and other pieces from their private collections. It is guaranteed to be genuine and all original Victorian Whitby jet.  Their books "Jet Jewellery &
Ornaments" and "Whitby Jet" are the best books written on the subject. View   #V36450

VICTORIAN Whitby jet rare lily-of-valley earrings, very rare design for earrings, 2 jet portion, 2-1/4" total length. These are complete with original Victorian fittings just as they were made circa 1880. 

This very special piece is from the personal jet collection of Katy and Helen
Muller, authors of the books on jet jewellery. I am so very privileged to
have it and other pieces from their private collections. It is guaranteed to be genuine and all original Victorian Whitby jet. Their books "Jet Jewellery &
Ornaments" and "Whitby Jet" are the best books written on the subject.   View   #V36502

  VICTORIAN Whitby jet faceted double rounds earrings with all original fittings for pierced ears, jet portion only 1-1/4, total length 1-1/2", complete with original Victorian fittings just as they were made circa 1880. 

This very special piece is from the personal jet collection of Katy and Helen
Muller, authors of the books on jet jewellery. I am so very privileged to
have it and other pieces from their private collections. It is guaranteed to be genuine and all original Victorian Whitby jet. Their books "Jet Jewellery &
Ornaments" and "Whitby Jet" are the best books written on the subject.   View   #V36449

 

VICTORIAN French jet (black glass) cameo earrings, 1-1/2" total length.   View   #V29214   VICTORIAN vulcanite earrings with faceted round centers and scalloped edges, 7/8".   View   #V29255 VICTORIAN vulcanite teardrop-shaped ornate earrings with scalloped edge, 1-7/8".   View   #V29232

 

VICTORIAN Whitby jet earrings beautifully carved, 7/8".   View   #V28872

   VICTORIAN lady wearing a jet cameo brooch, earrings and pendant. Carte de viste marked "L. Abell, Kendal Lane, Leeds".

 VICTORIAN Whitby jet earrings with dental edge and round bead center, 5/8".   View   #V28787 

 

VICTORIAN French jet (black glass) crepe textured earrings on 10k yellow gold wires, total 17/8".   View   #V31778

VICTORIAN French jet (black glass) flower earrings on 10k yellow gold wires, flower 1/2".   View   #V31777

VICTORIAN Whitby jet heart shaped beautifully carved flowers earrings, one cracked on back but wearable, 3/4" hearts.   View   View   #V29891  

 

VICTORIAN Whitby jet earrings with faceted oval and links, circa 1870, 1-1/2" jet length.   #V33041

VICTORIAN carte de visite of a lady wearing faceted jet beads necklace and earrings. "A.&G. Taylor Photographers to the Queen".   View   #Vkph46

VICTORIAN Whitby jet earrings, carved and faceted circle and faceted bead, circa 1870, 1-1/4" jet length.    #V33043

 

VICTORIAN vulcanite carved suspended teardrop shaped earrings, black portion 2".   View   #V32062

VICTORIAN earrings, French jet faceted hoops on 14k yellow gold wires, 1-1/3".   #V32053

VICTORIAN earrings, Whitby jet drop earrings with ball tops, 2-1/2" total length.   #V32054

 

VICTORIAN earrings, black painted ball earrings on yellow gold wires, 5/8".  #V32055

VICTORIAN earrings, bog oak roses and leaves earrings on yellow gold filled wires, 1-1/8" bog oak portion only.   View   #V32057

VICTORIAN earrings, French jet (black glass) faceted drop earrings on gold filled wires, total length 1-7/8".  #V32058

 

VICTORIAN earrings, black log and floret drops earrings, unknown material, total length 2-1/8".   #V32059

VICTORIAN earrings, vulcanite fern-shaped with gold dots, French jet (black glass) tops on gold filled wires, 2-3/4".   View   #V32063

VICTORIAN earrings, black bell earrings with yellow gold filled clapper beads, total length 1".   #V32061

 

VICTORIAN Whitby jet carved flower earrings with ruffled edges, circa 1880, 1-1/2".   View   #V34088

VICTORIAN pink shell cameo set in jet earrings circa 1860 with original shepherds hook wires, 2-1/3" total length from top of wire to bottom of earring. Very similar jet earrings can be seen on page 102 of "Old Jewelry, 5th Edition" by Jeanenne Bell.   #V33161

VICTORIAN Whitby jet double Maltese cross pierced earrings 1-1/8" jet portion only, 1-1/2" total length. These are complete with original Victorian fittings just as they were made circa 1880. Like many jet earrings, these are light and easy to wear. 

This very special piece is from the personal jet collection of Katy and Helen
Muller, authors of the books on jet jewellery. I am so very privileged to
have it and other pieces from their private collections. It is guaranteed to be genuine and all original Victorian Whitby jet. Their books "Jet Jewellery &
Ornaments" and "Whitby Jet" are the best books written on the subject.   #V36611

 

VICTORIAN vulcanite pendant earrings with balls and hearts design, from the top of the wire to bottom of the dangly earrings is 2".  View   #V37927 VICTORIAN Whitby jet hand carved long earrings set in karat yellow gold, total length of earrings is 3-5/8", jet portion only 2-1/4". The carving is both beautiful and detailed with scallops and cross hatching.  View   #V38481 VICTORIAN Whitby jet acorn earrings total length 1-5/8", acorns alone 3/4", with silver filigree tops.   #V38944

 


  JET is the black fossilized wood of a particular tree that grew millions of years ago. It is particularly associated with the English town of Whitby where much of it was fashioned into jewelry and accessories. While jet was made into jewelry throughout the 1800's, it was especially fashionable between 1860 and 1890. Like amber, it will pick up paper when static is created by rubbing it on wool or silk.

VULCANITE (also sometimes called "ebonite") was made by combining and heating sap of the Euphorbia or Ficus trees from Malaysia with sulphur. Invented in 1843 by Thomas Hancock, pieces made of vulcanite were almost always molded, not carved, and it was used mainly in making jewelry.

HORN is the natural horn of an animal, pressed into a mold to form jewelry.

BOG OAK is fossilized wood or peat found in Ireland. It is a brownish-black, and has a woody texture.

FRENCH JET and CREPE STONE are black glass, and not truly jet at all. Like all glass, they will be colder to the touch and heavier than jet or vulcanite.

BOIS DURCI was invented by Francois Charles Lepag in 1856. It is a composition of fine hardwood sawdust and blood which is pressed then highly polished.

GUTTA PERCHA is the sap of the Dichopsis tree also found in Malaysia. Invented by William Montgomerie in 1843, it was used mainly in technical articles, e.g. driving belts, stoppers, tubs, pails, cups, washing drums and cables. It was also used for household purposes such as mouthpieces for whistles, sticks and riding whips. It was very rarely used for jewelry.


Pieces like these, circa 1860-1890, can be seen in Helen Muller's book Jet and in Christie Romero's Warman's Jewelry, Ed. 3 on pages 51 and 52.

 

 

    VICTORIAN jet round carved drop earrings, 5/8" beads.   #V29116 

VICTORIAN lady with fancy hat and vulcanite necklace.   View

VICTORIAN jet carved earrings, 3/4".   View   #V29892

 

     VICTORIAN jet faceted screw back earrings, 5/8".   View   #V27802 

 VICTORIAN French jet (black glass) pierced earrings, 1/2".  View   #V26447 

VICTORIAN jet earrings, 1/3" (small studs).   #V27205      

 

 VICTORIAN faceted French jet (black glass) drop pierced earrings, one with a tiny chip at the bottom, 1-3/4".   #V28782

 VICTORIAN jet drop earrings, 1-1/3" jet segments size , 1-1/2" total size with wires.   #V29815

VICTORIAN jet faceted drop earrings, 1-1/3".      #V29921

 

 

VICTORIAN French jet earrings, 2".  View   #V37969  

VICTORIAN French jet long earrings for pierced ears, entire length 3-1/4" and 1" wide at the bottom. These are long and unusual and quite dramatic when worn.  View   View   #V37485

 

 

  VICTORIAN jet horseshoe stickpin with faceted "nails" design, 7/8" shoe on 3" pin.  View   #V28788  VICTORIAN jet domed and carved stickpin, 3/4" top on a 3" pin.  View    #V28786  VICTORIAN jet carved small round earrings, 1/2".   View   #V29219

 

  

  VICTORIAN jet tie pin, helmeted warrior, 1" by 3/4" head on a 2-3/4" stick.   View   View   #V29905

    VICTORIAN jet carved flower stickpin, 1" head with 2-5/8" stickpin.   View   #V29218

 VICTORIAN jet pink shell cameo stick pin, 7/8" head.   #V28063  

 


  There are several materials used to make mourning jewelry, and they can be very difficult to distinguish between: jet, bog oak, horn and vulcanite. Jet was hand carved, while the other materials were pressed or molded.

For information on identifying these and other materials, see the booklet "What's It Made Of ?" by Sherry Shatz. 
 

 

     VICTORIAN bog oak pin cushion with original tag.  View   #V25897

    VICTORIAN bog oak pot, hand carved with shamrocks, carved piggy and shamrocks lid and on delicate feet with bail.   View   #V31533

    VICTORIAN  bog oak pot marked Dublin 1907, 1-1/3" .  View   View  #V27217

 

  VICTORIAN carved jet umbrella handle with grapes and leaves design, 6-1/2".   View   View   View   #V29117

VICTORIAN bog oak thimble holder with thimble, 1-1/8" by 1-1/3".   View   #V31208

 VICTORIAN bog oak pig with etched harp and shamrocks for Ireland design, 2-1/4" by 1-1/2".   View   View   #V30058

 

 VICTORIAN Irish bog oak harp table ornament, 5-7/8". See page 26 in Helen Muller's "Jet Jewellery and Ornaments".   View   #V27218

VICTORIAN Whitby jet Caedmon Celtic 2-1/2" cross on 1-1/3" ammonite ("snake stone") stand.   View   #V27658

VICTORIAN bog oak harp hand carved with shamrocks, wonderfully detailed, 3-5/8".   View   #V31532

 

VICTORIAN Whitby jet hand carved handle and silver little bookmark, 4".   View   View   #V31982

JET carved ferns cigar holder with sterling fittings hallmarked "H.T." Chester 1918, 3-5/8".   View   #V32202

 VICTORIAN Whitby jet bookmark, 3-1/3".   View   #V32219

 

   
  VICTORIAN rare Irish bog oak Police truncheon with carved Irish harp and shamrocks design circa 1880s, it is 13-1/4" in length. This is certainly heavy as it used to be a genuine Police truncheon and it is also decorative enough to use for display. The shamrock is a symbol or Ireland, and for some, it is also a symbol of St. Patrick, their holy saint, and of the holy trinity. The harp, official emblem of Ireland, is the Trinity College Harp. A web site regarding Irish symbols says that is a 15th century Irish harp and is based on the Brian Boru or O'Neill harp.   View   View   #V31586  

 

VICTORIAN bog oak Irish shamrock carved boot hook, 7".   View   #V27652

     VICTORIAN bog oak box carved with shamrocks 2-2/3" by 1-2/3" by 1-1/4".   View   View   #V27790   

VICTORIAN bog oak 12" by 1-1/2" shamrock carved truncheon.   View   View   #V30094

 

VICTORIAN bog oak whist stand, etched "Killarney" and shamrocks, 2-1/2" by 2-3/4".   View   View   #V30059

 VICTORIAN jet love, faith and hope charms, 1".  See page 90 of Helen Muller's book "Jet".  #V25189 

 VICTORIAN bog oak shamrock-shaped pin tray with etched shamrocks and harp for Ireland, 3-1/3".   View   View   #V30057

 

        

   

    VICTORIAN jet carved book charm, Bible on one side and cathedral on the other, 3/4".   View   #V27659

   VICTORIAN bog oak charms, 2 pigs, 1 shamrock, approximately 1/2" each, and jet heart and 5/8" book charm.  View   View   View   View   View  #V27791 

VICTORIAN jet horseshoe charm, 7/8".   #V27899
  VICTORIAN tiny jet book charm with carved abbey motif, 3/4".    #V27250

 

 

 

 

VICTORIAN jet book charm with etched flowers design, small 1".   View   #V28549

VICTORIAN Whitby jet book charm with etched stars and leaves design on both sides, circa 1870, 1-1/4" by 1".   #V28548

VICTORIAN Whitby jet book with lightly carved design on both sides, circa 1870, 1-1/8" by 3/4".    #V29134

 

 

VICTORIAN jet book charm, tiny carved 3/4".   #V28552

VICTORIAN jet book charms, large 1-1/4".   #V28548
ALL THREE

VICTORIAN Whitby jet hand carved stick pin circa 1880, 3" long by 3/4" top. An amazing amount of detailed carving for such a small piece.   View   #V33295

 

VICTORIAN jet Whitby carved red lead pencil , 4-7/8".   View   View   #V33047

VICTORIAN Whitby jet hand carved inkwell, circa 1880, 1-7/8" tall, 2" base and 1-3/4" top, very rare.    #V33046

VICTORIAN vulcanite match box, book like with "FEU" (French for fire) on the spine, 2-1/2" by 1-1/2".   View   View   #V33081

 

 

VICTORIAN Whitby silver napkin ring with blue enameled shield, 1-5/8" across by 1" wide.    View   #V31592

WHITBY EPNS (electro-plated nickel silver) souvenir chrome plated lobster eating implement with red and blue enameled Whitby emblem, circa 1930, 7-1/2".   View   View   #a31806

WHITBY souvenir "British Manufacture" marked five-hole mini flower pot, 3-1/4" by 2-1/4".    View    Xa31961

 

VICTORIAN vulcanite hand mirror with a mistletoe and landscape design, an unusual vanity article.    View   View    View   View   View   #V51103

VICTORIAN jet pen and pencil set with matching hand carved designs and Whitby Abbey, 5" long. Sets are rare and this set is particularly lovely. The third piece is a red pencil with the name "Whitby" on the handle.   View   View   View   View   View   #V33165

VICTORIAN Whitby jet hand carved cigar holder with carved nude woman in seashell with fig leaf, circa 1870, 4-1/4". It is carved entirely out of jet, and the hollowing out of the pipe part is amazing in itself. Jet can be brittle and is not easy to carve at all.
Her top or right leg is totally free and you can see light between it and the shell and left leg except at her foot, where it touches again. The rest of her body is visible at the front and both sides, but attached to the shell at the back.
Her neck is free from the shell on 3 of 4 sides with only the very back touching and a hole almost invisibly drilled behind it, done on purpose but for what reason I cannot say. Her face is lovely and detailed, and even her fingernails show.
This is the work of a master carved, and my friend Katy says carving of this caliber would usually have been done for a competition in which the carver would want to show off his best skills. Pieces like this are not often found any more.   
View   View   #V33038

 

For more information about JET and other Victorian black jewelry we recommend the excellent book 'Jet' by Helen Muller and "Whitby Jet" by Katy & Helen Muller.


 

"Jet" by Helen Muller

 

Helen Muller

 

 

 Morning Glory Antiques & Jewelry                 

TO PURCHASE: You are on a reference page of Morning Glory Antiques & Jewelry. These items were photographed from private collections, and are for reference only.
Jewelry that is available TO BUY can be accessed by clicking HERE
.

                       

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PLEASE NOTE: Regretfully, it is no longer possible to respond to individual questions regarding jewelry history, identification or value, or to offer written or verbal appraisals or opinions. The demand for this kind of information is absolutely too overwhelming for one dealer to fill. 
I love jewelry, but appraising and selling are two entirely different businesses, and I choose selling as my business.

Instead, articles are added on a regular basis to JEWEL CHAT on line Magazine, a wonderful reference for  information on many makers and styles of vintage jewelry. 
For information on valuing your jewelry, click HERE.